15 February 2013

Award Winners of Science Visualization Challenge 2012

With growth of technology and its fast development; now the Science of Visualization has a major part to illustrate science among people. These days science of visualization used for education and journalistic purposes especially in colleges and schools. Illustration of science helps students to understand the concepts more clearly and wakes their interest about the latest research developments around the glob. Since 2003 the National Science Foundation (NSF) and the journal Science have held an international competition called the International Science & Engineering Visualization Challenge to choose the best works in 5 categories: Photography, Illustration, Poster & Graphic, Games & Apps, and Video. You can discover the works of scientists and researchers who has won the competition in 2012. If you are interested to enter the challenge for the 2013, you can upload your work in the National Science Foundation website. The winner will be selected on September 30, 2013.

Biomineral Single Crystals
Credit: Pupa U. P. A. Gilbert and Christopher E. Killian; University of Wisconsin, Madison

In the picture you can see the microscopic crystal of a sea urchin's tooth. The sea urchin produces complex curved plates and fibers that join and fill the space in the tooth as they grow.

Self Defense

Credit: Kai-hung Fung, Pamela Youde Nethersole Eastern Hospital in Hong Kong

On the left you can see a clam that can snap its bivalve shell shut when it feels a threat. On the right side, the whelk uses spiral shell as a series of barricades against invaders.

X-ray micro-radiography and microscopy of seeds
Credit: Viktor Sykora, Charles University; Jan Zemlicka, Frantisek Krejci, and Jan Jakubek, Czech Technical University

The images of furred, fringed and barbed tiny seeds with the size of maximum 3 mm across. On the left side the seeds are showing with high resolution and contrast X-rays and on the right side the same seeds are showing by using the traditional microscopy. 


Connectivity of a Cognitive Computer Based on the Macaque Brain
Credit: Emmett McQuinn, Theodore M. Wong, Pallab Datta, Myron D. Flickner, Raghavendra Singh, Steven K. Esser, Rathinakumar Appuswamy, William P. Risk, and Dharmendra S. Modha

Hardware engineers from the IBM, created an image that shows a wiring diagram for a new kind of computer that in the near future be able to think, detect patterns, plan responses and learn from its mistakes.

Cerebral Infiltration
Credit: Maxime Chamberland, David Fortin, and Maxime Descoteaux, Sherbrooke Connectivity Imaging Lab

The red mass on the left is a malignant brain tumor and the red color shows where the brain will affected during the surgery including the patient's vision, perception and motor function. The blue color is the area that unlikely to be affected. The whole image helps the neurosurgeons like a road map as they plan their operations. 

Posters and Graphics

Adaptations of the Owl's Cervical & Cephalic Arteries in Relation to Extreme Neck Rotation
Credit: Fabian de Kok-Mercado, Michael Habib, Tim Phelps, Lydia Gregg, and Philippe Gailloud, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Art as Applied to Medicine

The poster shows the ability of owls to swivel their heads 270 degrees. the mechanism of the eerie ability has shown in the poster. The team used 12 dead birds and created 3 dimensional images of the owls' blood vessels and bones with a CT scanner. After that they injected the birds with radio opaque dye and liquefied red plastic to observe their arteries.

Earth Evolution: The Intersection of Geology and Biology

Credit: Mark Nielsen, Satoshi Amagai, HHMI; Bill Pietsch, Davey Thomas, Astronaut 3 Media Group; and Andy Knoll, Harvard University

This poster is a short history of 4.6 billion years age of the planet Earth with using connection between biological and geological processes such as mass extinctions, plate tectonics, and the greenhouse effect. Also you can find the evolution of photosynthetic bacteria which led to the evolution of many new types of metabolism.

The Pharma Transport Town: Understanding the Routes to Sustainable Pharmaceutical Use

Credit: Will Stahl-Timmins, Mathew White, Michael Depledge, and Lora Fleming, European Centre for Environment and Human Health, University of Exeter Medical School; Clare Redshaw, University of Plymouth

The information graphic above shows the transport routes of pharmaceuticals in our environment and psychological influences of drug usage and disposal. Also highlights the range of points at which intervention could minimize environmental contamination.

Games and Apps

Velocity Raptor
Credit: Andy Hall, TestTubeGames

I think it would be lots of fun to learn about the physics of special relativity while playing a game. You have to lead a green dinosaur wearing a blue cape and moves at nearly the speed of light. The world around you behaves according to Albert Einstein's theory of relativity.Play Velocity Raptor here

CyGaMEs Selene II: A Lunar Construction GaME
Credit: Debbie Denise Reese, Robert E. Kosko, Charles A. Wood, and Cassie Lightfritz, Wheeling Jesuit University; Barbara G. Tabachnick, California State University, Northridge

In this online game you are able to create your own moon using raw space materials and then flood it with lava. CyGaMEs Selene II is the best way to teach students of grade 5 to 12 about the astronomy and the creation of the universe. Play Play CyGaMEs Selene II: A Lunar Construction GaME here


Credit: Gayatri Mehta, University of North Texas

Untangled teaches you how make compact circuit layout on a grid. The game can be used to discover human strategies for circuit design and create smaller, more powerful and longer lasting electronic devices. Play Untangled here

Video (Screen Shots)

Alya Red: A Computational Heart
 Credit: Guillermo Marin, Fernando M. Cucchietti, Mariano Vázquez, Carlos Tripiana, Guillaume Houzeaux, Ruth Arís, Pierre Lafortune, and Jazmin Aguado-Sierra, Barcelona Supercomputing Center 

Using high powered computing, Alya Red is a computer model of the heart. Each colored strand represents linked cardiac muscle cells. These cells transmit electrical current and trigger a model human heartbeat.

Credit: Thomas Brown, Stephen Boyd, Ron Collins, Mary Beth Clough, Kelvin Li, Erin Frederikson, Eric Small, Walid Aziz, Hoc Kho, Daniel Brown and Nobles Green Nucleus Medical Media

300 million sperms follow their journey to the cervix and into the Fallopian tube. At the end some few dozen will survive and reach the egg.

Observing the Coral Symbiome Using Laser Scanning Confocal Microscopy
Credit: Christine E. Farrar, Zac H. Forsman, Ruth D. Gates , Jo-Ann C. Leong, and Robert J. Toonen, Hawaii Institute of Marine Biology, University of Hawaii, Manoa

Using confocal microscopy and under different wavelengths of light it might be possible to classify various coral species or diagnose coral disease by their fluorescent patterns.

Revealing Invisible Changes in The World
Credit: Michael Rubinstein, Neal Wadhwa, Frédo Durand, William T. Freeman, Hao-Yu Wu, John Guttag, MIT; and Eugene Shih, Quanta Research Cambridge 

This video shows a new method of magnifying subtle changes normally invisible to the eye. A team of computer scientist analyzes each pixel for light variations in color over time. After that they apply an algorithm that magnifies the variation and extract the information they need.